thingsboard在windows下安装和使用

Easter79
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在官网下载thingsboard和tb-gateway

需要安装java8

thingsboard服务安装

https://thingsboard.io/docs/user-guide/install/windows/

把thingsboard-windows-1.4.zip解压到C盘

thingsboard在windows下安装和使用

在这个文件夹打开管理员模式cmd 输入

install.bat

安装服务,成功后提示

  C:\thingsboard>install.bat --loadDemo
  Detecting Java version installed.
  Detecting if it is 64 bit machine
  CurrentVersion
  Detecting if it is 32 bit machine
  CurrentVersion 1.8
  Java 1.8 found!
  Installing thingsboard ...
   ===================================================
   :: ThingsBoard ::       (v1.4)
   ===================================================

  Starting ThingsBoard Installation...
  Installing DataBase schema...
  Installing Cassandra DataBase schema...
  Loading system data...
  Installation finished successfully!
  2017-07-23 21:47:12,079 INFO  - Starting ServiceWrapper in the CLI mode
  2017-07-23 21:47:12,317 INFO  - Completed. Exit code is 0
  ThingsBoard installed successfully!

tb-gateway服务安装

https://thingsboard.io/docs/iot-gateway/install/windows/

下载tb-gateway-windows-1.2.1.zip解压到c盘

thingsboard在windows下安装和使用

输入

install.bat

出现下文就安装成功

C:\tb-gateway>install.bat
Detecting if it is 64-bit machine
CurrentVersion 1.8
Java 1.8 found!
Installing tb-gateway ...
2017-01-31 02:26:50,704 INFO  - Starting ServiceWrapper in the CLI mode
2017-01-31 02:26:50,907 INFO  - Completed. Exit code is 0
DONE.

启动服务

安装成功后启动thingsboard服务

net start thingsboard

如果需要重启thingsboard服务:

net stop thingsboard

net start thingsboard

启动服务后查看C:\thingsboard\logs下的log,出现这些才算启动完成

2018-04-13 09:42:59,091 [main] INFO  o.s.b.c.e.t.TomcatEmbeddedServletContainer - Tomcat started on port(s): 8080 (http)
2018-04-13 09:42:59,108 [main] INFO  o.t.s.ThingsboardServerApplication - Started ThingsboardServerApplication in 54.39 seconds (JVM running for 56.581)

可能的错误:

2018-04-02 14:29:23,215 [main] ERROR o.t.s.s.c.rpc.ClusterGrpcService - Failed to start RPC server!
java.io.IOException: Failed to bind

原因是端口占用,删除占用端口的进程

netstat   -ano|findstr  9001 
taskkill  /pid  4708  /f

使用ThingsBoard GUI进行后续工作

log提示thingsboard启动后可以打开网页  它的作用和live demo一样 只不过在本地

http://localhost:8080/

先登录admin

sysadmin@thingsboard.org
sysadmin

在租户添加下面账号

thingsboard在windows下安装和使用

登录租户tenant,tenant可以管理设备,添加规则等

thingsboard在windows下安装和使用

启动完thingsboard后可以启动tb-gateway

net start tb-gateway

启动成功:

YYYY-MM-DD HH:mm:ss,sss [main] INFO  o.t.gateway.GatewayApplication - Started GatewayApplication in x.xxx seconds (JVM running for x.xxx)

装完服务后这两个服务会开机启动,如果log提示有问题只能一个个重启,先重启thingsboard再重启tb-gateway

net stop thingsboard
net start thingsboard

net stop tb-gateway
net start tb-gateway

如果要在本地启动,修改 tb-gateway.yml,不然yml写的是live demo的配置,之后再启动tb-gateway

live demo 网址,需注册

https://demo.thingsboard.io/signup

IoT Gateway Configuration

Change gateway.connection.host and gateway.connection.port properties to your ThingsBoard host (leave without modifications in case of live demo instance).

Change gateway.connection.security.accessToken property to your access token that was copied during step 3.

原来的配置:

gateway:
  reporting:
    interval: 60000
  persistence:
    type: file
    path: storage
    bufferSize: 1000
  connection:
    host: "demo.thingsboard.io"
    port: 1883
    retryInterval: 3000
    maxInFlight: 1000
    security:
      accessToken: your_token
#      keystore: mqttclient.jks
#      keystorePassword: password
#      keystoreKeyAlias: clientalias
#      truststore: mqttclient.jks
#      truststorePassword: password

opc:
  enabled: false
  configuration: opc-config.json

mqtt:
  enabled: false
  configuration: mqtt-config.json

sigfox:
  enabled: false
  configuration: sigfox-config.json

server:
  # Server bind address
  address: "0.0.0.0"
  # Server bind port
  port: "9090"

# Check new version updates parameters
updates:
  # Enable/disable updates checking.
  enabled: "${UPDATES_ENABLED:true}"

本地使用,修改了host 和accessToken :

如果要通过ThingsBoard GUI设置ThingsBoard Gateway, remoteConfigurationtb-gateway.yaml必须设置为true:

gateway:
  tenants:
      label: "Tenant"
      # Some configuration omitted
      remoteConfiguration: true
  reporting:
    interval: 60000
  persistence:
    type: file
    path: storage
    bufferSize: 1000
  connection:
    host: "localhost"
    port: 1883
    retryInterval: 3000
    maxInFlight: 1000
    security:
      accessToken: "6BW88NMt0nbsfVefQsGc" 
#      keystore: mqttclient.jks
#      keystorePassword: password
#      keystoreKeyAlias: clientalias
#      truststore: mqttclient.jks
#      truststorePassword: password


opc:
  enabled: false
  configuration: opc-config.json

mqtt:
  enabled: false
  configuration: mqtt-config.json

sigfox:
  enabled: false
  configuration: sigfox-config.json

server:
  # Server bind address
  address: "0.0.0.0"
  # Server bind port
  port: "9090"

# Check new version updates parameters
updates:
  # Enable/disable updates checking.
  enabled: "${UPDATES_ENABLED:true}"

remoteConfiguration官方例子:

gateways:
  tenants:
    -
      label: "Tenant"
      # Some configuration omitted
      remoteConfiguration: true

If remoteConfiguration is set to false, GUI configuration will not take effect and ThingsBoard Gateway will look for configuration in config files.

获得Gateway的Access Token

在租户账号下:

In order to connect your IoT gateway to ThingsBoard server, you need to provision gateway credentials first. We will use access token credentials as the most simple one. See device authentication options for more details.

新建设备

Login as tenant administrator. Use default credentials in case of local ThingsBoard server. Open Devices and click on big red “+” button in the bottom right corner.

thingsboard在windows下安装和使用

Populate your gateway name and select “Is gateway” checkbox.

设置为网关

thingsboard在windows下安装和使用

NOTE: Gateway and device names should be unique in the scope of a tenant.

Open new device card and click on “Copy Access Token” button.

查看gateway设备详情,复制 Access Token

thingsboard在windows下安装和使用

如果gateway和thingsboard连上gateway设备的last elementry会出现“devicesOnline”, “attributesUploaded” and “telemetryUploaded”.:

Open the web UI of your ThingsBoard server and review statistics that is uploaded from your thingsboard gateway. Login as Tenant Administrator and open Devices page. Click on the gateway device card. Open “Latest Telemetry” tab and review following statistics: “devicesOnline”, “attributesUploaded” and “telemetryUploaded”. All values should be set to “0”.

thingsboard在windows下安装和使用

使用GateWay连接到MQTT broker

https://thingsboard.io/docs/iot-gateway/getting-started/#step-8-connect-to-external-mqtt-broker

首先下载安装Mosquitto MQTT broker

有两种配置方式,一种是通过file configuration,一种是在ThingsBoard GUI

tb-gateway.yaml配置文件需要注意:

file configuration:remoteConfiguration:false

ThingsBoard GUI:remoteConfiguration:ture

同时如果用file启动要修改配置文件mqtt-config.json,且tb-gateway.yaml应该修改****

mqtt:
  enabled: true
  configuration: mqtt-config.json

官方的配置不管怎么做都无法做到status出现sync希望会的人告知(不管是mqtt还是opcua****

thingsboard在windows下安装和使用

不需要网关Sync连接MQTT并建立dashboard:

救命视频:Creating an MQTT (IOT) Dashboard Using Thingsboard

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eqbTNXf2m7s

视频中的代码

http://www.steves-internet-guide.com/thingsboard-mqtt-dashboard/

用kafka plugin发送数据到kafka

Kafka plugin is responsible for sending messages to Kafka brokers triggered by specific rules

https://thingsboard.io/docs/reference/plugins/kafka/

需要注意的最后发送数据他写错了,引号写的不对,应该是

mosquitto_pub -d -h "localhost" -p 1883 -t "v1/devices/me/telemetry" -u "1EU6SlQetuBTC4I5a0bk" -m "{'temp':73.4}"

这里1883是tb-gateway的端口,mqtt和它本来是同一个端口,我修改了mqtt的端口

v1/devices/me/telemetry是固定的语句

1EU6SlQetuBTC4I5a0bk是accesstoken

关键点是把数据发送到特定access token,这样有这个access token的device就可以读取发送的数据

Kafka Plugin Action 没试过

This component allows creating a kafka message by substitution of device attributes and message data into configurable templates.

https://thingsboard.io/docs/reference/actions/kafka-plugin-action/

thingsboard拜拜喽

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