Linux小记

Stella981
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Ubuntu的apt install build-essential

作用:配置Debian系统编译环境,就是下载安装支持编译Debian包的依赖/包,比如gcc等。

直接执行

#apt install build-essential
输出省略

可以在执行后查看日志/var/log/apt/history.log,看到如下内容。

Start-Date: 2019-06-08  07:54:24
Commandline: apt install build-essential
Requested-By: satou (1000)
Install: libmpc3:amd64 (1.1.0-1, automatic), libgcc-7-dev:amd64 (7.4.0-1ubuntu1~18.04, automatic), libmpx2:amd64 (8.3.0-6ubuntu1~18.04, automatic), linux-libc-dev:amd64 (4.15.0-51.55, automatic), libfakeroot:amd64 (1.22-2ubuntu1, automatic), libc6-dev:amd64 (2.27-3ubuntu1, automatic), cpp-7:amd64 (7.4.0-1ubuntu1~18.04, automatic), libalgorithm-diff-perl:amd64 (1.19.03-1, automatic), libalgorithm-merge-perl:amd64 (0.08-3, automatic), binutils:amd64 (2.30-21ubuntu1~18.04.1, automatic), cpp:amd64 (4:7.4.0-1ubuntu2.2, automatic), libitm1:amd64 (8.3.0-6ubuntu1~18.04, automatic), g++:amd64 (4:7.4.0-1ubuntu2.2, automatic), gcc-7-base:amd64 (7.4.0-1ubuntu1~18.04, automatic), gcc:amd64 (4:7.4.0-1ubuntu2.2, automatic), libcilkrts5:amd64 (7.4.0-1ubuntu1~18.04, automatic), libasan4:amd64 (7.4.0-1ubuntu1~18.04, automatic), libquadmath0:amd64 (8.3.0-6ubuntu1~18.04, automatic), libisl19:amd64 (0.19-1, automatic), build-essential:amd64 (12.4ubuntu1), libfile-fcntllock-perl:amd64 (0.22-3build2, automatic), binutils-x86-64-linux-gnu:amd64 (2.30-21ubuntu1~18.04.1, automatic), libstdc++-7-dev:amd64 (7.4.0-1ubuntu1~18.04, automatic), libtsan0:amd64 (8.3.0-6ubuntu1~18.04, automatic), libubsan0:amd64 (7.4.0-1ubuntu1~18.04, automatic), g++-7:amd64 (7.4.0-1ubuntu1~18.04, automatic), make:amd64 (4.1-9.1ubuntu1, automatic), fakeroot:amd64 (1.22-2ubuntu1, automatic), gcc-7:amd64 (7.4.0-1ubuntu1~18.04, automatic), liblsan0:amd64 (8.3.0-6ubuntu1~18.04, automatic), libgomp1:amd64 (8.3.0-6ubuntu1~18.04, automatic), manpages-dev:amd64 (4.15-1, automatic), binutils-common:amd64 (2.30-21ubuntu1~18.04.1, automatic), libc-dev-bin:amd64 (2.27-3ubuntu1, automatic), libbinutils:amd64 (2.30-21ubuntu1~18.04.1, automatic), libatomic1:amd64 (8.3.0-6ubuntu1~18.04, automatic), libcc1-0:amd64 (8.3.0-6ubuntu1~18.04, automatic), libdpkg-perl:amd64 (1.19.0.5ubuntu2.1, automatic), libalgorithm-diff-xs-perl:amd64 (0.04-5, automatic), dpkg-dev:amd64 (1.19.0.5ubuntu2.1, automatic)
Upgrade: gcc-8-base:amd64 (8.2.0-1ubuntu2~18.04, 8.3.0-6ubuntu1~18.04), libgcc1:amd64 (1:8.2.0-1ubuntu2~18.04, 1:8.3.0-6ubuntu1~18.04), libstdc++6:amd64 (8.2.0-1ubuntu2~18.04, 8.3.0-6ubuntu1~18.04)
End-Date: 2019-06-08  07:55:01

注意: (1)运行前执行apt-get updateapt update更新包索引,否则可能fail。 (2)建议使用apt代替apt-get

CentOS的yum -y groupinstall "Development Tools"

作用:配置CentOS的编译环境,就是下载安装让CentOS可以编译平台上源码包的包/依赖

可以通过命令yum grouplist查看有哪些group,Development Tools在Available Groups中。

[root@localhost ~]# yum grouplist
Loaded plugins: fastestmirror, langpacks
There is no installed groups file.
Maybe run: yum groups mark convert (see man yum)
Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile
 * base: mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn
 * extras: mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn
 * updates: mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn
Available Environment Groups:
   Minimal Install
   Compute Node
   Infrastructure Server
   File and Print Server
   Basic Web Server
   Virtualization Host
   Server with GUI
   GNOME Desktop
   KDE Plasma Workspaces
   Development and Creative Workstation
Available Groups:
   Compatibility Libraries
   Console Internet Tools
   <span style="color: red;"><Development Tools</span>
   Graphical Administration Tools
   Legacy UNIX Compatibility
   Scientific Support
   Security Tools
   Smart Card Support
   System Administration Tools
   System Management
Done

执行yum groupinstall "Development Tools"前,先执行yum clean all清楚 yum cache并强制yum重新读取一些配置文件

[root@localghost ~]# yum clean all
Loaded plugins: fastestmirror, priorities, remove-with-leaves
Cleaning up Everything
Cleaning up list of fastest mirrors
[root@localghost ~]#

Develoment Tools包含的依赖包列表

bison
byacc
cscope
ctags
cvs
diffstat
doxygen
flex
gcc
gcc-c++
gcc-gfortran
gettext
git
indent
intltool
libtool
patch
patchutils
rcs
redhat-rpm-config
rpm-build
subversion
swig
systemtap

执行演示

[root@localghost ~]# yum groupinstall "Development tools"

....省略输出....

Install      86 Package(s)
Upgrade       0 Package(s)

Total download size: 77 M
Installed size: 234 M
Is this ok [y/N]:

输入y确认继续安装,N取消。或者yum -y groupinstall "Development tools"提前确认。

执行过程中如果遇到如下错误No packages in any requested group available to install or update,则需要配置数据源

cd /etc/yum.repos.d
sudo wget http://public-yum.oracle.com/public-yum-el5.repo
cd /etc/pki/rpm-gpg/
sudo wget https://public-yum.oracle.com/RPM-GPG-KEY-oracle-el5

参考文章

https://support.eapps.com/index.php?/Knowledgebase/Article/View/438/55/user-guide---installing-the-centos-development-tools-gcc-flex-etc

拓展

LAMP一键安装 -- 其实有了docker容器技术,感觉LAMP(Linux + Apache + MySQL/MariaDB/Percona + PHP)生产环境没必要

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