5.10 监控介绍 5.11

Wesley13
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5.10 监控介绍 

为什么要做监控?

可以提前发现潜在故障隐患,第一时间解决掉。把影响降低。

常见的监控软件:

cacti nagios zaabix  open-falcon  prometheus grafana 

5.11-5.12 安装zabbix4.0

zabbix 官网 https://www.zabbix.com/

zabbix4.0 安装

1)安装zabbix yum源
    rpm -ivh https://repo.zabbix.com/zabbix/4.0/rhel/7/x86_64/zabbix-release-4.0-1.el7.noarch.rpm

2)yum 安装
yum install zabbix-agent zabbix-get zabbix-server-mysql zabbix-web zabbix-web-mysql

3)数据库操作

create database zabbix;
grant all on zabbix.* to 'zabbix'@'127.0.0.1' identified by 'zabbix-pa';

4) 导入数据
/usr/share/doc/zabbix-server-mysql-4.0.3/create.sql.gz 
gzip -d /usr/share/doc/zabbix-server-mysql-4.0.3/create.sql.gz |mysql -uroot -paminglinux zabbix

5) 编辑zabbix_server.conf
vi /etc/zabbix/zabbix_server.conf # 定义数据库相关的参数
systemctl start zabbix-server
systemctl enable zabbix-server

6)zabbix_agent.conf
vi /etc/zabbix/zabbix_agentd.conf #定义Server=127.0.0.1和 ServerActive=127.0.0.1
systemctl start zabbix-agent
systemctl enable zabbix-agent

7)httpd
systemctl start httpd # 如果已经启动了nginx,需要先把nginx关闭,然后启动httpd

8)webui配置
http://ip/zabbix 访问,解决php的问题 (date.timezone Asia/Shanghai) /etc/php.ini
默认密码  admin  zabbix

部分截图

选择zabbix4.0,选择二进制安装在选择Red Hat Enterprise linux/centos

[root@test01 ~]# rpm -ivh http://repo.zabbix.com/zabbix/4.0/rhel/7/x86_64/zabbix-release-4.0-1.el7.noarch.rpm
获取http://repo.zabbix.com/zabbix/4.0/rhel/7/x86_64/zabbix-release-4.0-1.el7.noarch.rpm
警告:/var/tmp/rpm-tmp.ZRT0ya: 头V4 RSA/SHA512 Signature, 密钥 ID a14fe591: NOKEY
准备中...                          ################################# [100%]
正在升级/安装...
   1:zabbix-release-4.0-1.el7         ################################# [100%]

5.10 监控介绍 5.11

看一看有多少关于zabbix的包
[root@test01 ~]# yum list |grep zabbix
zabbix-release.noarch                   4.0-1.el7                      installed
iksemel.x86_64                          1.4-2.el7.centos               zabbix-non-supported
iksemel-devel.x86_64                    1.4-2.el7.centos               zabbix-non-supported
iksemel-utils.x86_64                    1.4-2.el7.centos               zabbix-non-supported
pcp-export-pcp2zabbix.x86_64            4.1.0-5.el7_6                  updates  
pcp-export-zabbix-agent.x86_64          4.1.0-5.el7_6                  updates  
python-pyzabbix.noarch                  0.7.3-2.el7                    epel     
uwsgi-stats-pusher-zabbix.x86_64        2.0.17.1-1.el7                 epel     
zabbix-agent.x86_64                     4.0.5-1.el7                    zabbix   
zabbix-get.x86_64                       4.0.5-1.el7                    zabbix   
zabbix-java-gateway.x86_64              4.0.5-1.el7                    zabbix   
zabbix-proxy-mysql.x86_64               4.0.5-1.el7                    zabbix   
zabbix-proxy-pgsql.x86_64               4.0.5-1.el7                    zabbix   
zabbix-proxy-sqlite3.x86_64             4.0.5-1.el7                    zabbix   
zabbix-sender.x86_64                    4.0.5-1.el7                    zabbix   
zabbix-server-mysql.x86_64              4.0.5-1.el7                    zabbix   
zabbix-server-pgsql.x86_64              4.0.5-1.el7                    zabbix   
zabbix-web.noarch                       4.0.5-1.el7                    zabbix   
zabbix-web-japanese.noarch              4.0.5-1.el7                    zabbix   
zabbix-web-mysql.noarch                 4.0.5-1.el7                    zabbix   
zabbix-web-pgsql.noarch                 4.0.5-1.el7                    zabbix   
zabbix22.x86_64                         2.2.23-1.el7                   epel     
zabbix22-agent.x86_64                   2.2.23-1.el7                   epel     
zabbix22-dbfiles-mysql.noarch           2.2.23-1.el7                   epel     
zabbix22-dbfiles-pgsql.noarch           2.2.23-1.el7                   epel     
zabbix22-dbfiles-sqlite3.noarch         2.2.23-1.el7                   epel     
zabbix22-proxy.noarch                   2.2.23-1.el7                   epel     
zabbix22-proxy-mysql.x86_64             2.2.23-1.el7                   epel     
zabbix22-proxy-pgsql.x86_64             2.2.23-1.el7                   epel     
zabbix22-proxy-sqlite3.x86_64           2.2.23-1.el7                   epel     
zabbix22-server.noarch                  2.2.23-1.el7                   epel     
zabbix22-server-mysql.x86_64            2.2.23-1.el7                   epel     
zabbix22-server-pgsql.x86_64            2.2.23-1.el7                   epel     
zabbix22-web.noarch                     2.2.23-1.el7                   epel     
zabbix22-web-mysql.noarch               2.2.23-1.el7                   epel     
zabbix22-web-pgsql.noarch               2.2.23-1.el7                   epel     
zabbix30.x86_64                         3.0.22-2.el7                   epel     
zabbix30-agent.x86_64                   3.0.22-2.el7                   epel     
zabbix30-dbfiles-mysql.noarch           3.0.22-2.el7                   epel     
zabbix30-dbfiles-pgsql.noarch           3.0.22-2.el7                   epel     
zabbix30-dbfiles-sqlite3.noarch         3.0.22-2.el7                   epel     
zabbix30-proxy.noarch                   3.0.22-2.el7                   epel     
zabbix30-proxy-mysql.x86_64             3.0.22-2.el7                   epel     
zabbix30-proxy-pgsql.x86_64             3.0.22-2.el7                   epel     
zabbix30-proxy-sqlite3.x86_64           3.0.22-2.el7                   epel     
zabbix30-server.noarch                  3.0.22-2.el7                   epel     
zabbix30-server-mysql.x86_64            3.0.22-2.el7                   epel     
zabbix30-server-pgsql.x86_64            3.0.22-2.el7                   epel     
zabbix30-web.noarch                     3.0.22-2.el7                   epel     
zabbix30-web-mysql.noarch               3.0.22-2.el7                   epel     
zabbix30-web-pgsql.noarch               3.0.22-2.el7                   epel     

主要安装这几个包
[root@test01 ~]# yum install zabbix-agent zabbix-get zabbix-server-mysql zabbix-web zabbix-web-mysql


[root@test01 ~]# netstat -ltnp    看一下80端口是否被占用
Active Internet connections (only servers)
Proto Recv-Q Send-Q Local Address           Foreign Address         State       PID/Program name    
tcp        0      0 0.0.0.0:80              0.0.0.0:*               LISTEN      2903/nginx: master  
tcp        0      0 0.0.0.0:22              0.0.0.0:*               LISTEN      1027/sshd           
tcp        0      0 127.0.0.1:25            0.0.0.0:*               LISTEN      1741/master         
tcp        0      0 0.0.0.0:443             0.0.0.0:*               LISTEN      2903/nginx: master  
tcp6       0      0 :::3306                 :::*                    LISTEN      1273/mysqld         
tcp6       0      0 :::22                   :::*                    LISTEN      1027/sshd           
tcp6       0      0 ::1:25                  :::*                    LISTEN      1741/master         
[root@test01 ~]# mysql -uroot -pchampin
Welcome to the MariaDB monitor.  Commands end with ; or \g.
Your MariaDB connection id is 9
Server version: 10.3.12-MariaDB-log MariaDB Server

Copyright (c) 2000, 2018, Oracle, MariaDB Corporation Ab and others.

Type 'help;' or '\h' for help. Type '\c' to clear the current input statement.

MariaDB [(none)]> 

MariaDB [(none)]> create database zabbix;   新建一个库
Query OK, 1 row affected (0.003 sec)

MariaDB [(none)]> grant all on zabbix.* to 'zabbix'@'127.0.0.1' identified by 'champin';
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.011 sec)       创建一个用户及密码

MariaDB [(none)]> quit
Bye
  

[root@test01 ~]# vim /etc/zabbix/zabbix_server.conf   编辑zabbix配置文件,
找到这两处地方
### Option: DBHost
#       Database host name.
#       If set to localhost, socket is used for MySQL.
#       If set to empty string, socket is used for PostgreSQL.
#
# Mandatory: no
# Default:
 DBHost=127.0.0.1
定义要连接的数据库地址

### Option: DBPassword
#       Database password.
#       Comment this line if no password is used.
#
# Mandatory: no
# Default:
 DBPassword=champin
定义数据库的密码

启动zabbix
[root@test01 ~]# systemctl start zabbix-server
[root@test01 ~]# ps aux |grep zabbix  看有没有启动成功
root       3041  0.0  0.0 112728   980 pts/0    R+   13:57   0:00 grep --color=auto zabbix

看一看zabbix的日志路径如下
[root@test01 ~]# cat /var/log/zabbix/zabbix_server.log 
  3034:20190321:135723.379 Starting Zabbix Server. Zabbix 4.0.5 (revision 90164).
  3034:20190321:135723.380 ****** Enabled features ******
  3034:20190321:135723.380 SNMP monitoring:           YES
  3034:20190321:135723.380 IPMI monitoring:           YES
  3034:20190321:135723.380 Web monitoring:            YES
  3034:20190321:135723.380 VMware monitoring:         YES
  3034:20190321:135723.380 SMTP authentication:       YES
  3034:20190321:135723.380 Jabber notifications:      YES
  3034:20190321:135723.381 Ez Texting notifications:  YES
  3034:20190321:135723.381 ODBC:                      YES
  3034:20190321:135723.381 SSH2 support:              YES
  3034:20190321:135723.381 IPv6 support:              YES
  3034:20190321:135723.381 TLS support:               YES
  3034:20190321:135723.381 ******************************
  3034:20190321:135723.381 using configuration file: /etc/zabbix/zabbix_server.conf
  3034:20190321:135723.436 [Z3005] query failed: [1146] Table 'zabbix.users' doesn't exist [select userid from users limit 1]
  3034:20190321:135723.436 cannot use database "zabbix": database is not a Zabbix database
  3044:20190321:135733.584 Starting Zabbix Server. Zabbix 4.0.5 (revision 90164).
  3044:20190321:135733.584 ****** Enabled features ******
  3044:20190321:135733.585 SNMP monitoring:           YES
  3044:20190321:135733.585 IPMI monitoring:           YES
  3044:20190321:135733.585 Web monitoring:            YES
  3044:20190321:135733.585 VMware monitoring:         YES
  3044:20190321:135733.585 SMTP authentication:       YES
  3044:20190321:135733.585 Jabber notifications:      YES
  3044:20190321:135733.585 Ez Texting notifications:  YES
  3044:20190321:135733.585 ODBC:                      YES
  3044:20190321:135733.585 SSH2 support:              YES
  3044:20190321:135733.585 IPv6 support:              YES
  3044:20190321:135733.585 TLS support:               YES
  3044:20190321:135733.585 ******************************
  3044:20190321:135733.585 using configuration file: /etc/zabbix/zabbix_server.conf
  3044:20190321:135733.593 [Z3005] query failed: [1146] Table 'zabbix.users' doesn't exist [select userid from users limit 1]
  3044:20190321:135733.593 cannot use database "zabbix": database is not a Zabbix database
  3050:20190321:135743.809 Starting Zabbix Server. Zabbix 4.0.5 (revision 90164).
  3050:20190321:135743.809 ****** Enabled features ******
  3050:20190321:135743.810 SNMP monitoring:           YES
  3050:20190321:135743.810 IPMI monitoring:           YES
  3050:20190321:135743.810 Web monitoring:            YES
  3050:20190321:135743.810 VMware monitoring:         YES
  3050:20190321:135743.810 SMTP authentication:       YES
  3050:20190321:135743.810 Jabber notifications:      YES
  3050:20190321:135743.810 Ez Texting notifications:  YES
  3050:20190321:135743.810 ODBC:                      YES
  3050:20190321:135743.810 SSH2 support:              YES
  3050:20190321:135743.810 IPv6 support:              YES
  3050:20190321:135743.810 TLS support:               YES
  3050:20190321:135743.810 ******************************
  3050:20190321:135743.810 using configuration file: /etc/zabbix/zabbix_server.conf
  3050:20190321:135743.816 [Z3005] query failed: [1146] Table 'zabbix.users' doesn't exist [select userid from users limit 1]
  3050:20190321:135743.816 cannot use database "zabbix": database is not a Zabbix database
  3056:20190321:135754.073 Starting Zabbix Server. Zabbix 4.0.5 (revision 90164).
  3056:20190321:135754.073 ****** Enabled features ******
  3056:20190321:135754.073 SNMP monitoring:           YES
  3056:20190321:135754.073 IPMI monitoring:           YES
  3056:20190321:135754.073 Web monitoring:            YES
  3056:20190321:135754.073 VMware monitoring:         YES
  3056:20190321:135754.073 SMTP authentication:       YES
  3056:20190321:135754.073 Jabber notifications:      YES
  3056:20190321:135754.073 Ez Texting notifications:  YES
  3056:20190321:135754.073 ODBC:                      YES
  3056:20190321:135754.073 SSH2 support:              YES
  3056:20190321:135754.073 IPv6 support:              YES
  3056:20190321:135754.073 TLS support:               YES
  3056:20190321:135754.073 ******************************
  3056:20190321:135754.073 using configuration file: /etc/zabbix/zabbix_server.conf
  3056:20190321:135754.080 [Z3005] query failed: [1146] Table 'zabbix.users' doesn't exist [select userid from users limit 1]
  3056:20190321:135754.080 cannot use database "zabbix": database is not a Zabbix database
  3063:20190321:135804.352 Starting Zabbix Server. Zabbix 4.0.5 (revision 90164).
  3063:20190321:135804.353 ****** Enabled features ******
  3063:20190321:135804.353 SNMP monitoring:           YES
  3063:20190321:135804.353 IPMI monitoring:           YES
  3063:20190321:135804.353 Web monitoring:            YES
  3063:20190321:135804.353 VMware monitoring:         YES
  3063:20190321:135804.353 SMTP authentication:       YES
  3063:20190321:135804.353 Jabber notifications:      YES
  3063:20190321:135804.353 Ez Texting notifications:  YES
  3063:20190321:135804.353 ODBC:                      YES
  3063:20190321:135804.353 SSH2 support:              YES
  3063:20190321:135804.353 IPv6 support:              YES
  3063:20190321:135804.353 TLS support:               YES
  3063:20190321:135804.353 ******************************
  3063:20190321:135804.354 using configuration file: /etc/zabbix/zabbix_server.conf
  3063:20190321:135804.373 [Z3005] query failed: [1146] Table 'zabbix.users' doesn't exist [select userid from users limit 1]
  3063:20190321:135804.373 cannot use database "zabbix": database is not a Zabbix database
  3070:20190321:135814.568 Starting Zabbix Server. Zabbix 4.0.5 (revision 90164).
  3070:20190321:135814.568 ****** Enabled features ******
  3070:20190321:135814.568 SNMP monitoring:           YES
  3070:20190321:135814.568 IPMI monitoring:           YES
  3070:20190321:135814.568 Web monitoring:            YES
  3070:20190321:135814.568 VMware monitoring:         YES
  3070:20190321:135814.568 SMTP authentication:       YES
  3070:20190321:135814.569 Jabber notifications:      YES
  3070:20190321:135814.569 Ez Texting notifications:  YES
  3070:20190321:135814.569 ODBC:                      YES
  3070:20190321:135814.569 SSH2 support:              YES
  3070:20190321:135814.569 IPv6 support:              YES
  3070:20190321:135814.569 TLS support:               YES
  3070:20190321:135814.569 ******************************
  3070:20190321:135814.569 using configuration file: /etc/zabbix/zabbix_server.conf
  3070:20190321:135814.582 [Z3005] query failed: [1146] Table 'zabbix.users' doesn't exist [select userid from users limit 1]
  3070:20190321:135814.582 cannot use database "zabbix": database is not a Zabbix database
  3076:20190321:135824.798 Starting Zabbix Server. Zabbix 4.0.5 (revision 90164).
  3076:20190321:135824.798 ****** Enabled features ******
  3076:20190321:135824.798 SNMP monitoring:           YES
  3076:20190321:135824.798 IPMI monitoring:           YES
  3076:20190321:135824.798 Web monitoring:            YES
  3076:20190321:135824.798 VMware monitoring:         YES
  3076:20190321:135824.798 SMTP authentication:       YES
  3076:20190321:135824.798 Jabber notifications:      YES
  3076:20190321:135824.798 Ez Texting notifications:  YES
  3076:20190321:135824.798 ODBC:                      YES
  3076:20190321:135824.798 SSH2 support:              YES
  3076:20190321:135824.798 IPv6 support:              YES
  3076:20190321:135824.798 TLS support:               YES
  3076:20190321:135824.798 ******************************
  3076:20190321:135824.798 using configuration file: /etc/zabbix/zabbix_server.conf
  3076:20190321:135824.806 [Z3005] query failed: [1146] Table 'zabbix.users' doesn't exist [select userid from users limit 1]
  3076:20190321:135824.806 cannot use database "zabbix": database is not a Zabbix database
  3082:20190321:135835.089 Starting Zabbix Server. Zabbix 4.0.5 (revision 90164).
  3082:20190321:135835.089 ****** Enabled features ******
  3082:20190321:135835.089 SNMP monitoring:           YES
  3082:20190321:135835.089 IPMI monitoring:           YES
  3082:20190321:135835.089 Web monitoring:            YES
  3082:20190321:135835.089 VMware monitoring:         YES
  3082:20190321:135835.090 SMTP authentication:       YES
  3082:20190321:135835.090 Jabber notifications:      YES
  3082:20190321:135835.090 Ez Texting notifications:  YES
  3082:20190321:135835.090 ODBC:                      YES
  3082:20190321:135835.090 SSH2 support:              YES
  3082:20190321:135835.090 IPv6 support:              YES
  3082:20190321:135835.090 TLS support:               YES
  3082:20190321:135835.090 ******************************
  3082:20190321:135835.090 using configuration file: /etc/zabbix/zabbix_server.conf
  3082:20190321:135835.107 [Z3005] query failed: [1146] Table 'zabbix.users' doesn't exist [select userid from users limit 1]
  3082:20190321:135835.107 cannot use database "zabbix": database is not a Zabbix database
实际原因好像是库里面没有导入表,安装的rpm包里面有MySQL相关的sql文件,需要把sql文件导入到库里面去
这个就是sql文件的路径
[root@test01 ~]# ls /usr/share/doc/zabbix-server-mysql-4.0.5/create.sql.gz 
/usr/share/doc/zabbix-server-mysql-4.0.5/create.sql.gz

[root@test01 ~]# gzip -d !$  先解压然后再导入到zabbix库里面去
gzip -d /usr/share/doc/zabbix-server-mysql-4.0.5/create.sql.gz
     
[root@test01 ~]# ls /usr/share/doc/zabbix-server-mysql-4.0.5/create.sql 这个sql文件
/usr/share/doc/zabbix-server-mysql-4.0.5/create.sql

用这个命令可以导入到zabbix库里面去
[root@test01 ~]# mysql -uroot -pchampin zabbix < /usr/share/doc/zabbix-server-mysql-4.0.5/create.sql 

再启动zabbix-server
[root@test01 ~]# systemctl start zabbix-server
[root@test01 ~]# ps aux |grep zabbix
zabbix     3447  0.4  0.4 259224  4292 ?        S    14:07   0:00 /usr/sbin/zabbix_server -c /etc/zabbix/zabbix_server.conf
zabbix     3449  0.0  0.3 259224  3252 ?        S    14:07   0:00 /usr/sbin/zabbix_server: configuration syncer [synced configuration in 0.040921 sec, idle 60 sec]
zabbix     3450  0.0  0.2 259224  2528 ?        S    14:07   0:00 /usr/sbin/zabbix_server: alerter #1 started
zabbix     3451  0.0  0.2 259224  2528 ?        S    14:07   0:00 /usr/sbin/zabbix_server: alerter #2 started
zabbix     3452  0.0  0.2 259224  2528 ?        S    14:07   0:00 /usr/sbin/zabbix_server: alerter #3 started
zabbix     3453  0.0  0.2 259224  2524 ?        S    14:07   0:00 /usr/sbin/zabbix_server: housekeeper [startup idle for 30 minutes]
zabbix     3454  0.0  0.2 259224  2860 ?        S    14:07   0:00 /usr/sbin/zabbix_server: timer #1 [updated 0 hosts, suppressed 0 events in 0.001359 sec, idle 59 sec]
zabbix     3455  0.0  0.2 259224  2860 ?        S    14:07   0:00 /usr/sbin/zabbix_server: http poller #1 [got 0 values in 0.001596 sec, idle 5 sec]
zabbix     3456  0.0  0.5 363588  5216 ?        S    14:07   0:00 /usr/sbin/zabbix_server: discoverer #1 [processed 0 rules in 0.000596 sec, idle 60 sec]
zabbix     3457  0.0  0.3 259376  3564 ?        S    14:07   0:00 /usr/sbin/zabbix_server: history syncer #1 [processed 0 values, 0 triggers in 0.000019 sec, idle 1 sec]
zabbix     3458  0.0  0.3 259348  3560 ?        S    14:07   0:00 /usr/sbin/zabbix_server: history syncer #2 [processed 2 values, 2 triggers in 0.017224 sec, idle 1 sec]
zabbix     3460  0.0  0.3 259404  3400 ?        S    14:07   0:00 /usr/sbin/zabbix_server: history syncer #3 [processed 0 values, 0 triggers in 0.000038 sec, idle 1 sec]
zabbix     3461  0.0  0.3 259348  3472 ?        S    14:07   0:00 /usr/sbin/zabbix_server: history syncer #4 [processed 0 values, 0 triggers in 0.000020 sec, idle 1 sec]
zabbix     3465  0.0  0.3 259224  3796 ?        S    14:07   0:00 /usr/sbin/zabbix_server: escalator #1 [processed 0 escalations in 0.000750 sec, idle 3 sec]
zabbix     3466  0.0  0.3 259224  3796 ?        S    14:07   0:00 /usr/sbin/zabbix_server: proxy poller #1 [exchanged data with 0 proxies in 0.000029 sec, idle 5 sec]
zabbix     3469  0.0  0.2 259224  2612 ?        S    14:07   0:00 /usr/sbin/zabbix_server: self-monitoring [processed data in 0.000050 sec, idle 1 sec]
zabbix     3470  0.0  0.2 259224  2888 ?        S    14:07   0:00 /usr/sbin/zabbix_server: task manager [processed 0 task(s) in 0.001066 sec, idle 5 sec]
zabbix     3473  0.0  0.5 366972  5216 ?        S    14:07   0:00 /usr/sbin/zabbix_server: poller #1 [got 0 values in 0.000058 sec, idle 4 sec]
zabbix     3474  0.1  0.5 366976  5636 ?        S    14:07   0:00 /usr/sbin/zabbix_server: poller #2 [got 0 values in 0.000096 sec, idle 4 sec]
zabbix     3475  0.0  0.5 366976  5476 ?        S    14:07   0:00 /usr/sbin/zabbix_server: poller #3 [got 0 values in 0.000088 sec, idle 4 sec]
zabbix     3476  0.0  0.5 366976  5476 ?        S    14:07   0:00 /usr/sbin/zabbix_server: poller #4 [got 2 values in 0.000218 sec, idle 4 sec]
zabbix     3477  0.0  0.5 366972  5216 ?        S    14:07   0:00 /usr/sbin/zabbix_server: poller #5 [got 0 values in 0.000057 sec, idle 4 sec]
zabbix     3478  0.0  0.5 366972  5216 ?        S    14:07   0:00 /usr/sbin/zabbix_server: unreachable poller #1 [got 0 values in 0.000057 sec, idle 5 sec]
zabbix     3479  0.0  0.3 259224  3624 ?        S    14:07   0:00 /usr/sbin/zabbix_server: trapper #1 [processed data in 0.000000 sec, waiting for connection]
zabbix     3482  0.0  0.3 259224  3624 ?        S    14:07   0:00 /usr/sbin/zabbix_server: trapper #2 [processed data in 0.000000 sec, waiting for connection]
zabbix     3484  0.0  0.3 259224  3624 ?        S    14:07   0:00 /usr/sbin/zabbix_server: trapper #3 [processed data in 0.000000 sec, waiting for connection]
zabbix     3486  0.0  0.3 259224  3624 ?        S    14:07   0:00 /usr/sbin/zabbix_server: trapper #4 [processed data in 0.000000 sec, waiting for connection]
zabbix     3491  0.0  0.3 259224  3624 ?        S    14:07   0:00 /usr/sbin/zabbix_server: trapper #5 [processed data in 0.000000 sec, waiting for connection]
zabbix     3494  0.0  0.2 262600  2612 ?        S    14:07   0:00 /usr/sbin/zabbix_server: icmp pinger #1 [got 0 values in 0.000048 sec, idle 5 sec]
zabbix     3495  0.0  0.3 259224  3292 ?        S    14:07   0:00 /usr/sbin/zabbix_server: alert manager #1 [sent 0, failed 0 alerts, idle 5.023484 sec during 5.023640 sec]
zabbix     3497  0.0  0.3 259224  3044 ?        S    14:07   0:00 /usr/sbin/zabbix_server: preprocessing manager #1 [queued 0, processed 6 values, idle 5.009712 sec during 5.009986 sec]
zabbix     3499  0.0  0.2 259224  2692 ?        S    14:07   0:00 /usr/sbin/zabbix_server: preprocessing worker #1 started
zabbix     3500  0.0  0.2 259224  2692 ?        S    14:07   0:00 /usr/sbin/zabbix_server: preprocessing worker #2 started
zabbix     3501  0.0  0.2 259224  2580 ?        S    14:07   0:00 /usr/sbin/zabbix_server: preprocessing worker #3 started
root       3527  0.0  0.0 112728   980 pts/0    R+   14:08   0:00 grep --color=auto zabbix

[root@test01 ~]# netstat -lntp   查看一下监听的端口 zabbixserver监听1051端口
Active Internet connections (only servers)
Proto Recv-Q Send-Q Local Address           Foreign Address         State       PID/Program name    
tcp        0      0 0.0.0.0:80              0.0.0.0:*               LISTEN      2903/nginx: master  
tcp        0      0 0.0.0.0:22              0.0.0.0:*               LISTEN      1027/sshd           
tcp        0      0 127.0.0.1:25            0.0.0.0:*               LISTEN      1741/master         
tcp        0      0 0.0.0.0:443             0.0.0.0:*               LISTEN      2903/nginx: master  
tcp        0      0 0.0.0.0:10051           0.0.0.0:*               LISTEN      3447/zabbix_server  
tcp6       0      0 :::3306                 :::*                    LISTEN      1273/mysqld         
tcp6       0      0 :::22                   :::*                    LISTEN      1027/sshd           
tcp6       0      0 ::1:25                  :::*                    LISTEN      1741/master         
tcp6       0      0 :::10051                :::*                    LISTEN      3447/zabbix_server  

[root@test01 ~]# vim /etc/zabbix/zabbix_agentd.conf 
主要改的两个地方,也是两种模式,主动上报、被动去取,通过这两个去修改

Server=127.0.0.1


ServerActive=127.0.0.1

[root@test01 ~]# vi /etc/zabbix/zabbix_agentd.conf 
[root@test01 ~]# vim !$
vim /etc/zabbix/zabbix_agentd.conf
启动zabbix-agent
[root@test01 ~]# systemctl start zabbix-agent

[root@test01 ~]# ps aux |grep zabbix-agent
root       3601  0.0  0.0 112728   980 pts/0    R+   14:25   0:00 grep --color=auto zabbix-agent

没有启动成,看日志

[root@test01 ~]# tail /var//log/zabbix/zabbix_agentd.log 
  3568:20190321:142043.012 IPv6 support:          YES
  3568:20190321:142043.012 TLS support:           YES
  3568:20190321:142043.012 **************************
  3568:20190321:142043.012 using configuration file: /etc/zabbix/zabbix_agentd.conf
  3568:20190321:142043.013 agent #0 started [main process]
  3570:20190321:142043.028 agent #2 started [listener #1]
  3569:20190321:142043.032 agent #1 started [collector]
  3571:20190321:142043.039 agent #3 started [listener #2]
  3573:20190321:142043.042 agent #5 started [active checks #1]
  3572:20190321:142043.046 agent #4 started [listener #3]
好像没有报错

原来是启动成功了
[root@test01 ~]# ps aux |grep zabbix
zabbix     3447  0.0  0.4 259224  4292 ?        S    14:07   0:00 /usr/sbin/zabbix_server -c /etc/zabbix/zabbix_server.conf
zabbix     3449  0.0  0.3 259224  3252 ?        S    14:07   0:00 /usr/sbin/zabbix_server: configuration syncer [synced configuration in 0.044669 sec, idle 60 sec]
zabbix     3450  0.0  0.2 259224  2528 ?        S    14:07   0:00 /usr/sbin/zabbix_server: alerter #1 started
zabbix     3451  0.0  0.2 259224  2528 ?        S    14:07   0:00 /usr/sbin/zabbix_server: alerter #2 started
zabbix     3452  0.0  0.2 259224  2528 ?        S    14:07   0:00 /usr/sbin/zabbix_server: alerter #3 started
zabbix     3453  0.0  0.2 259224  2524 ?        S    14:07   0:00 /usr/sbin/zabbix_server: housekeeper [startup idle for 30 minutes]
zabbix     3454  0.0  0.2 259224  2860 ?        S    14:07   0:00 /usr/sbin/zabbix_server: timer #1 [updated 0 hosts, suppressed 0 events in 0.000494 sec, idle 59 sec]
zabbix     3455  0.0  0.2 259224  2860 ?        S    14:07   0:00 /usr/sbin/zabbix_server: http poller #1 [got 0 values in 0.001643 sec, idle 5 sec]
zabbix     3456  0.0  0.5 363588  5216 ?        S    14:07   0:00 /usr/sbin/zabbix_server: discoverer #1 [processed 0 rules in 0.001544 sec, idle 60 sec]
zabbix     3457  0.0  0.3 259376  3564 ?        S    14:07   0:00 /usr/sbin/zabbix_server: history syncer #1 [processed 0 values, 0 triggers in 0.000045 sec, idle 1 sec]
zabbix     3458  0.0  0.3 259348  3592 ?        S    14:07   0:00 /usr/sbin/zabbix_server: history syncer #2 [processed 0 values, 0 triggers in 0.000014 sec, idle 1 sec]
zabbix     3460  0.0  0.3 259404  3584 ?        S    14:07   0:00 /usr/sbin/zabbix_server: history syncer #3 [processed 0 values, 0 triggers in 0.000038 sec, idle 1 sec]
zabbix     3461  0.0  0.3 259348  3604 ?        S    14:07   0:00 /usr/sbin/zabbix_server: history syncer #4 [processed 0 values, 0 triggers in 0.000012 sec, idle 1 sec]
zabbix     3465  0.0  0.3 259224  3796 ?        S    14:07   0:00 /usr/sbin/zabbix_server: escalator #1 [processed 0 escalations in 0.002393 sec, idle 3 sec]
zabbix     3466  0.0  0.3 259224  3796 ?        S    14:07   0:00 /usr/sbin/zabbix_server: proxy poller #1 [exchanged data with 0 proxies in 0.000060 sec, idle 5 sec]
zabbix     3469  0.0  0.2 259224  2612 ?        S    14:07   0:00 /usr/sbin/zabbix_server: self-monitoring [processed data in 0.000051 sec, idle 1 sec]
zabbix     3470  0.0  0.2 259224  2888 ?        S    14:07   0:00 /usr/sbin/zabbix_server: task manager [processed 0 task(s) in 0.001071 sec, idle 5 sec]
zabbix     3473  0.0  0.5 366976  5476 ?        S    14:07   0:00 /usr/sbin/zabbix_server: poller #1 [got 0 values in 0.000033 sec, idle 2 sec]
zabbix     3474  0.0  0.5 366976  5636 ?        S    14:07   0:00 /usr/sbin/zabbix_server: poller #2 [got 0 values in 0.000015 sec, idle 2 sec]
zabbix     3475  0.0  0.5 366976  5476 ?        S    14:07   0:00 /usr/sbin/zabbix_server: poller #3 [got 0 values in 0.000177 sec, idle 2 sec]
zabbix     3476  0.0  0.5 366976  5476 ?        S    14:07   0:00 /usr/sbin/zabbix_server: poller #4 [got 0 values in 0.000014 sec, idle 2 sec]
zabbix     3477  0.0  0.5 366976  5476 ?        S    14:07   0:00 /usr/sbin/zabbix_server: poller #5 [got 0 values in 0.000085 sec, idle 2 sec]
zabbix     3478  0.0  0.5 366976  5584 ?        S    14:07   0:00 /usr/sbin/zabbix_server: unreachable poller #1 [got 0 values in 0.000058 sec, idle 5 sec]
zabbix     3479  0.0  0.3 259224  3624 ?        S    14:07   0:00 /usr/sbin/zabbix_server: trapper #1 [processed data in 0.000000 sec, waiting for connection]
zabbix     3482  0.0  0.3 259224  3624 ?        S    14:07   0:00 /usr/sbin/zabbix_server: trapper #2 [processed data in 0.000000 sec, waiting for connection]
zabbix     3484  0.0  0.3 259224  3624 ?        S    14:07   0:00 /usr/sbin/zabbix_server: trapper #3 [processed data in 0.000000 sec, waiting for connection]
zabbix     3486  0.0  0.3 259224  3624 ?        S    14:07   0:00 /usr/sbin/zabbix_server: trapper #4 [processed data in 0.000000 sec, waiting for connection]
zabbix     3491  0.0  0.4 259388  4072 ?        S    14:07   0:00 /usr/sbin/zabbix_server: trapper #5 [processed data in 0.005082 sec, waiting for connection]
zabbix     3494  0.0  0.2 262600  2612 ?        S    14:07   0:00 /usr/sbin/zabbix_server: icmp pinger #1 [got 0 values in 0.000049 sec, idle 5 sec]
zabbix     3495  0.0  0.3 259224  3292 ?        S    14:07   0:00 /usr/sbin/zabbix_server: alert manager #1 [sent 0, failed 0 alerts, idle 5.025405 sec during 5.025597 sec]
zabbix     3497  0.0  0.3 259224  3264 ?        S    14:07   0:00 /usr/sbin/zabbix_server: preprocessing manager #1 [queued 0, processed 0 values, idle 5.014181 sec during 5.014238 sec]
zabbix     3499  0.0  0.2 259224  2692 ?        S    14:07   0:00 /usr/sbin/zabbix_server: preprocessing worker #1 started
zabbix     3500  0.0  0.2 259224  2692 ?        S    14:07   0:00 /usr/sbin/zabbix_server: preprocessing worker #2 started
zabbix     3501  0.0  0.2 259224  2580 ?        S    14:07   0:00 /usr/sbin/zabbix_server: preprocessing worker #3 started
zabbix     3568  0.0  0.1  80708  1296 ?        S    14:20   0:00 /usr/sbin/zabbix_agentd -c /etc/zabbix/zabbix_agentd.conf
zabbix     3569  0.0  0.1  80708  1364 ?        S    14:20   0:00 /usr/sbin/zabbix_agentd: collector [idle 1 sec]
zabbix     3570  0.0  0.2  80832  2444 ?        S    14:20   0:00 /usr/sbin/zabbix_agentd: listener #1 [waiting for connection]
zabbix     3571  0.0  0.2  80832  2260 ?        S    14:20   0:00 /usr/sbin/zabbix_agentd: listener #2 [waiting for connection]
zabbix     3572  0.0  0.2  80832  2420 ?        S    14:20   0:00 /usr/sbin/zabbix_agentd: listener #3 [waiting for connection]
zabbix     3573  0.0  0.2  80840  2124 ?        S    14:20   0:00 /usr/sbin/zabbix_agentd: active checks #1 [idle 1 sec]
root       3596  0.0  0.0 112732   976 pts/0    S+   14:24   0:00 grep --color=auto zabbix

不是zabbix-agent是zabbix_agent
[root@test01 ~]# ps aux |grep zabbix-agent
root       3601  0.0  0.0 112728   980 pts/0    R+   14:25   0:00 grep --color=auto zabbix-agent
[root@test01 ~]# ps aux |grep zabbix_agent
zabbix     3568  0.0  0.1  80708  1296 ?        S    14:20   0:00 /usr/sbin/zabbix_agentd -c /etc/zabbix/zabbix_agend.conf
zabbix     3569  0.0  0.1  80708  1384 ?        S    14:20   0:00 /usr/sbin/zabbix_agentd: collector [idle 1 sec]
zabbix     3570  0.0  0.2  80832  2472 ?        S    14:20   0:00 /usr/sbin/zabbix_agentd: listener #1 [waiting for connection]
zabbix     3571  0.0  0.2  80832  2472 ?        S    14:20   0:00 /usr/sbin/zabbix_agentd: listener #2 [waiting for connection]
zabbix     3572  0.0  0.2  80832  2424 ?        S    14:20   0:00 /usr/sbin/zabbix_agentd: listener #3 [waiting for connection]
zabbix     3573  0.0  0.2  80840  2124 ?        S    14:20   0:00 /usr/sbin/zabbix_agentd: active checks #1 [idle 1 sec]
root       3606  0.0  0.0 112728   984 pts/0    R+   14:26   0:00 grep --color=auto zabbix_agent

接下来是安装webUI,要启动httpd的服务,同样是监听80端口,需要先停用nginx

[root@test01 ~]# systemctl stop nginx   先停用nginx服务

[root@test01 ~]# systemctl start httpd   启动httpd服务

[root@test01 ~]# netstat -lntp    看一看httpd是否监听了80端口
Active Internet connections (only servers)
Proto Recv-Q Send-Q Local Address           Foreign Address         State       PID/Program name    
tcp        0      0 0.0.0.0:22              0.0.0.0:*               LISTEN      1027/sshd           
tcp        0      0 127.0.0.1:25            0.0.0.0:*               LISTEN      1741/master         
tcp        0      0 0.0.0.0:10050           0.0.0.0:*               LISTEN      3568/zabbix_agentd  
tcp        0      0 0.0.0.0:10051           0.0.0.0:*               LISTEN      3447/zabbix_server  
tcp6       0      0 :::3306                 :::*                    LISTEN      1273/mysqld         
tcp6       0      0 :::80                   :::*                    LISTEN      3639/httpd          
tcp6       0      0 :::22                   :::*                    LISTEN      1027/sshd           
tcp6       0      0 ::1:25                  :::*                    LISTEN      1741/master         
tcp6       0      0 :::10050                :::*                    LISTEN      3568/zabbix_agentd  
tcp6       0      0 :::10051                :::*                    LISTEN      3447/zabbix_server  

用浏览器直接用ip访问  192.168.28.107/zabbix
以下是截图

5.10 监控介绍 5.11

按next step,下一步会出现问题 date timezone,要去 vim /etc/php.ini里面定义时区(因httpd是yum安装的,要改php.ini的配置文件在etc下,如果是LNMP的话,它的php.ini会在/usr/local/php-fpm/etc/php.ini,路径是不一样的)

5.10 监控介绍 5.11

改完后重启一下

[root@test01 ~]# systemctl restart httpd

5.10 监控介绍 5.11

刷新一下看会不会再报错

5.10 监控介绍 5.11

继续点next step

5.10 监控介绍 5.11

5.10 监控介绍 5.11

5.10 监控介绍 5.11

这一步有默认密码  admin    zabbix,最好把默认密码改一下。默认密码总是不安全的

点一下小人图标,点change password 就可以改密码了。也可以改语言 ,改好后,点update

5.10 监控介绍 5.11

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